The audio-lingual method in 1950’s outbreak of the World War II heightened the need to become orally proficient in a foreign language during a very short period of time. The method was based on the theory of behaviourism propounded by a Psychologist named Skinner.
There was little or no grammatical explanation. Grammar was taught inductively. Great importance was given to pronunciation and limited use of the mother tongue was permitted. Successful responses were reinforced. There were great efforts to get students to produce error-free utterances. The main purpose was to teach learners to master the basic vocabulary and grammar of the language. It believed that once a learner masters these he can use the language in various situations requiring the use of the learnt vocabulary or grammatical structures.
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