ESL job interview question: What can you tell us about the direct method of teaching?

Recommended answer:

The direct method of teaching was introduced by Charles Berlitz. In his point of view, the second language learning is similar to first language learning. It emphasizes on oral interaction, spontaneous use of language, no translation and little if any analysis of grammatical rules and structures. The classroom instruction was conducted in the target language. There was an inductive approach to grammar and only everyday vocabulary was taught. Concrete vocabulary was taught through pictures and objects. Abstract vocabulary was taught by association of ideas. The new teaching points were introduced orally. Communication skills were organized around question-answer exchanges between teachers and students. Speech and listening comprehension were taught and correct pronunciation and grammar were emphasized.